Although spastic colon is one of the most common of all gastrointestinal disorders, its precise nature and cause is not fully understood.

 

The major symptoms of spastic colon are:

 

  • Pain, which may be chronic or intermittent, occurs in any area of the abdominal region.
  • Irregular bowel movements, varying from constipation or diarrhoea to an intermittent combination of both.
  • Flatulence, excess gas formation with increased distension and bloating.

Stress is a major trigger factor in spastic colon.

 

Nutritional Management:

 

Because the nature of spastic colon varies among individuals, a personalized approach to nutritional care is essential.

The eating plan should give attention to the following principles:

 

  • Increase the intake of dietary fibre and modify the texture of the dietary fibre to improve movement of the stool through the colon.
  • Recognize and avoid gas-forming foods.
  • Recognize and correct food intolerances e.g. avoid dairy products in the case of lactose intolerance.
  • Reduce the total fat intake of meals.
  • Avoid large meals as this increases gastric distention and discomfort.
  • Change air-swallowing habits such as chewing gum, drinking carbonated beverages and eating rapidly as these habits increase the discomfort of IBS.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *