Although spastic colon is one of the most common of all gastrointestinal disorders, its precise nature and cause is not fully understood.


The major symptoms of spastic colon are:


  • Pain, which may be chronic or intermittent, occurs in any area of the abdominal region.
  • Irregular bowel movements, varying from constipation or diarrhoea to an intermittent combination of both.
  • Flatulence, excess gas formation with increased distension and bloating.

Stress is a major trigger factor in spastic colon.


Nutritional Management:


Because the nature of spastic colon varies among individuals, a personalized approach to nutritional care is essential.

The eating plan should give attention to the following principles:


  • Increase the intake of dietary fibre and modify the texture of the dietary fibre to improve movement of the stool through the colon.
  • Recognize and avoid gas-forming foods.
  • Recognize and correct food intolerances e.g. avoid dairy products in the case of lactose intolerance.
  • Reduce the total fat intake of meals.
  • Avoid large meals as this increases gastric distention and discomfort.
  • Change air-swallowing habits such as chewing gum, drinking carbonated beverages and eating rapidly as these habits increase the discomfort of IBS.

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