The child bearing period of a woman’s life lasts about 35 years. Menopause or “Change of Life” occurs at the end of the child bearing years when the ovaries cease to produce an egg every four weeks. At this time oestrogen levels drop significantly and menstruation stops.


  • Menopause can occur at any age between the mid thirties and mid fifties but most commonly occurs between 45 years and 55 years.
  • Menopausal changes take place over a period of years and menopause can only be confirmed in retrospect after twelve consecutive months without menstruation.


Women are all different! There is no specific set pattern for menopause and the symptoms can be very variable. During the time just before the onset of menopause, the perimenopausal period, there are usually changes in the menstrual cycle. Menstruation may decrease gradually in successive periods or the intervals between periods may lengthen or periods may suddenly just stop.


The change in the balance of sex hormones in the body leads to the symptoms typically associated with menopause.
These symptoms include:


  • Hot flushes,
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Emotional imbalances with mood swings
  • Osteoporosis
  • Cardiovascular disease.

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